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Allergies And Signs In Children

Allergies are one of the most common complaints in children. Allergies not only make children uncomfortable, but can also have an impact on their health conditions in the future.

Not only that, signs of allergies that are not treated immediately can have serious consequences, even potentially fatal. Moms, come on, learn to recognize some signs of allergies in children!


Allergies Signs Coughs and colds

There are quite a lot of causes for coughs or colds, from choking, infection, to allergie. This is triggered by exposure to allergens such as dust, pollen, and so on. Such exposure causes the release of histamine and triggers inflammation of the upper airways and increased production of nasal secretions.

Cold cough due to has signs that are slightly different from other causes. According to the Mayo Clinic, some signs of a cold cough caused by allergies include:

  • Sneezes.
  • Nose feels stuffy.
  • Itchy nose/eyes/palate.
  • Watery, red, or swollen eyes.
  • Nasal/snot discharge is liquid and clear.
  • Cold cough is not accompanied by fever.

Allergies Signs Hard to breathe

In children, complaints of shortness of breath are mostly caused by respiratory tract infections (pneumonia, TB, ARI) and allergies. Allergic colds (allergic rhinitis) that are not treated over time can make it difficult for children to breathe.

Most cases of shortness of breath due to allergies are early signs of bronchial asthma. Quoted from Abbas’s basic Immunology book, when the airways are exposed to allergens it will cause narrowing to the point of airway obstruction. This certainly makes it difficult for air to reach the lungs, so that the child will have difficulty breathing.

Distinguishing shortness of breath due to infection or allergies is quite tricky. However, regardless of the cause, if you see a child having difficulty breathing, immediately take him to the doctor for further treatment, Moms!

Skin problems

If a child complains of itching or reddish skin that makes the child look uncomfortable, it could be that the child has an allergy to their skin.

Almost similar to complaints of shortness of breath, skin problems in children are mostly caused by infections and allergies. However, according to the publication StatPearls, allergic skin problems appear immediately or within a short time after exposure to certain substances.

Not only that, usually skin problems due to allergies are also followed by several other allergic complaints, such as shortness of breath or a cold cough.


When a child has digestive problems, parents often think that this is the result of “eating wrong”, whether food hygiene is lacking, food is too spicy, and so on.

However, make no mistake! Some foods such as milk, eggs and nuts that look healthy can also cause digestive problems. This condition is often called a food allergy.

The American College of Allergy Asthma and Immunology states that apart from nausea and vomiting, food allergy symptoms can also take the form of stomach cramps, diarrhea and swollen lips that occur minutes or hours after eating.

What to do?

If you suspect that your child has allergies, it would be best to consult a pediatrician to get further examination and treatment. So that children’s allergies do not easily recur, avoid children from exposure to allergens, such as:

  • Routinely clean dust on sheets and rooms.
  • Adjusting the child’s diet.
  • Use an air filter.
  • Teach children to clean the nose.
  • Give vitamins or immune supplements as directed by the doctor.

Here are some signs of allergies in children. Children who have allergies do require special attention. However, don’t limit children’s daily activities so that they are free to explore the environment and grow and develop optimally, Moms!

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